R. Baxter Miller

Dr. R. Baxter Miller

Professor of English
Editor, The Langston Hughes Review


Dr. Miller, Professor of English, who holds a Ph.D. from Brown University is the author or editor of ten books. He has written The Art and Imagination of Langston Hughes (1989; paperback 2006), which won the American Book Award for 1991, The Southern Trace of Black Critical Theory (1991), A Literary Criticism of Five Generations of African American Writing: The Artistry of Memory (2008), and On the Ruins of Modernity: New Chicago Renaissance from Wright to Fair (2011). His other volumes include, a collaborative edition titled Black American Literature and Humanism (1981) which won international acclaim, and a subsequent volume, Black American Poets Between Worlds, 1940-1960 (1986), an academic bestseller. Critical Insights: Langston Hughes, an edition, is scheduled for publication in 2012, and his Reference Guide to Langston Hughes and Gwendolyn Brooks (1978), which is superseded today by current texts, remains a standard source.

Miller, who has written scores of chapters, articles, and reviews for professional journals, is a co-author and co-editor (with General Editor Patricia Liggins Hill, et. al.) of Call and Response: The Riverside Anthology of the African American Literary Tradition (1998, 2002). The result of a nomination by the editorial board, his short story edition of Langston Hughes in the Collected Works 15 (Missouri 2002) is a volume in the centennial series. Though the list below condenses his oeuvre to conserve space, he has written for publication 34 chapters and anthologized articles, 28 essays for professional journals, 2 invited encyclopedia articles, 9 review-essays, and more than thirty reviews. His favorite courses are those on African American autobiography, Intellectual History, the Harlem Renaissance, and Modern African American Poetics.

Selected Bibliography

Forewords and Introductions

  • Miller, R.B. (1989). Foreword. Ruthe T. Sheffey, Trajectory: Fueling the Future and Preserving the African-American Literary Past (pp. iv-xiv). Baltimore: Morgan State University Press.
  • — (1992). Introduction. Richard K. Barksdale, Praisesong of Survival (pp. 1-14). Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
  • — (1996). Foreword. Walter White, The Fire in the Flint (pp. 1-10). Athens and London: University of Georgia Press.
  • — (2006). New Introduction, paperback edition. The Art and Imagination of Langston Hughes. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Chapters and Anthologized Articles

  • Miller, R.B. (1981). "Does Man Love Art: The Humanistic Aesthetic of Gwendolyn Brooks." Black American Literature and Humanism (pp. 95-112). Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. Reprinted in Maria K. Mootry and Gary Smith (Ed), A Life Distilled: Gwendolyn Brooks, Her Poetry and Fiction (pp. 100-115). Urbana: University of Illinois Press (1986).
  • — (1989). "'A Deeper Literacy': Teaching Invisible Man from Aboriginal Ground." Susan Resneck Parr and Pancho Savery (Ed), Approaches to Teaching Invisible Man (pp. 51-57). New York: Modern Language Association.
  • — (1990). "Chapter 19." American Literary Scholarship/1988, (pp. 397-428). Durham and London: Duke University Press.
  • — (1995). "The Rewritten Self in African American Autobiography." Linda Marie Brooks (Ed), Alternative Identities: The Self in Literature, History, and Theory: Wellesley Studies in Critical Theory, Literary History, and Culture, Vol. 7, (pp. 87-104). New York and London: Garland.
  • — (1999). "Eva Beatrice Dykes." American National Biography (p. 22). Raleigh: Oxford University Press.
  • — (2001). "The 'Etched Flame' of Margaret Walker," Maryemma, Graham (Ed), Fields Watered With Blood: Critical Essays on Margaret Walker (pp. 81-97). Athens and London: University of Georgia Press. Reprinted from Tennessee Studies in Literature 26 (1981):157-172.
  • — (2004). "Langston Hughes, 1902-1967: A Brief Biography." Steve Tracy (Ed), Historical Guide to Langston Hughes (pp. 23-62). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • — (2006). "Physics of Change in Father and Son," C. James Trotman (Ed), Langston Hughes: The Man, His Art, and His Continuing Influence (pp. 131-140), New York & London: Garland, 1995; rpt. Short Story Criticism, 90, ed. Larry Trudeau (Detroit: Gale, 2006).
  • (2011)"Modern and Postmodern Eden: Richard Wright, Alice Mikal Craven and William E. Dow (Ed), Richard Wright: New Readings in the 21st Century (pp 11-27). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Research Journal and Magazine Articles

  • Miller, R.B. (1984). "Double Mirror: George E. Kent and the Scholarly Imagination." Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association, 17, 13-23.
  • — (1984). "The Wasteland and the Flower: Through Blyden Jackson—A Revised Theory for Black Southern Literature." Southern Literary Journal, 17, 3-11.
  • — (1986). "One Prime Obligation: The Example of Therman B. O'Daniel (1908-1986)." Langston Hughes Review, 5, 5-11.
  • — (1987). "Baptized Infidel: Play and Critical Legacy." Black American Literature Forum [African American Review], 21, 393-414.
  • — (1991). "Charles T. Davis: Trace of Southern History." Mississippi Quarterly, 44(1), 151-158.
  • — (2000). "'Café de la Paix': Mapping the Harlem Renaissance." South Atlantic Review, 65, 73-94.
  • — (2002). "Locke and Du Bois." Middle Atlantic Writer's Association Review, 17 (1&2), 1-13.
  • — (2005). "Reinvention of Globalization in Hughes's Stories." MELUS, 30 (1), 69-83, reprinted in International Journal for the Humanities, 3.6 (2005-2006) 39-45. ISSN 1447-9508. Online 1447-9559. Humanities-Journal.com.
  • — (2006) "Nurturing African American Scholars to Prevail." ADE Bulletin, special issue, 125.
  • (2011) "The Global Energy of Lorraine Hansberry," 9th International Conference on New Directions in the Humanities," Granada Spain, June 2011, the International Journal of the Humanities 9 (2011).

Essays Selected by Editors as Pedagogical Models

  • Miller, R.B. (2003). "The 'Crystal Stair Within': The Apocalyptic Imagination, [Chap 2 from The Art and Imagination of Langston Hughes]. Gloria Mason Henderson, William Day, and Sandra Stevenson Walker (Ed.), Literature and Ourselves: A Thematic Introduction for Readers and Writers, New York: Longman.
  • — (2004). "On 'The Negro Speaks of Rivers'," [from Chap 3 A&I] . Frank Madden (Ed), Exploring Literature: Writing and Thinking about Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and the Essay, New York: Longman.
  • — (2004). "Reader-Response," "Writing about Gwendolyn Brooks: Critical Viewpoints," [from Black American Literature and Humanism] Reading and Writing with Critical Strategies. New York: Longman.

Published Correspondence

  • Miller, R.B. (1990). "Signifying Human: Skipping Over Visible Critics." PMLA, 1124-25.
  • — (1996). "The Personal in Literature." PMLA, 111, 1155-56.

Awards and Recognition

  • 1975. Haverford College, Research
  • 1978. ACLS Conference Grant, "Black American Literature and Humanism"
  • 1985. Black Scholar Professor (national competition), LeMoyne College, Syracuse, N.Y.
  • 1986-87. National Research Council Senior Fellowship (Ford Foundation), University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Fisk
  • 1986-87. Lindsay Young Chair, English & Humanities, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • 1991. Irvine Foundation Visiting Scholar, University of San Francisco
  • 1991. The American Book Award
  • 1994. Regional Designation Humanities Award (with Will Holmes, John Inscoe, and Robert Pratt), by ACOG Cultural Olympiad and Southern States Humanities Councils for "Black and White Perspectives on the American South"
  • 1994-95. Senior Lilly Teaching Fellow
  • 1995. Golden Key Honor in scholarship of teaching
  • 1996. Who's Who in America
  • 1996. Who's Who in Education
  • 1996. Who's Who in the World
  • 1997. SAMLA Book Prize Committee
  • 1999. Davis Fellows Lecturer, University of San Francisco
  • 2001. The Langston Hughes Prize
  • 2003. Phi Kappa Phi Love of Learning Award
  • 2004. Who's Who Among America's Teachers, 2004 (nominator: graduated student)
  • 2005-2006. Student Government Association Teacher Award
  • 2010. The Ford-Turpin Award for distinguished scholarship in African American Studies